Changes in phenology

Changes in phenology, driven by climate change in Te Moanaui Oceania, are altering the timing of natural events in ecosystems. Rising temperatures and shifting rainfall patterns affect the timing of key biological processes such as flowering, leaf emergence, and animal migrations. These changes disrupt ecological relationships and threaten biodiversity, because species may become out of sync with habitats and food sources. Altered phenology impacts agriculture, traditional practices, and cultural events linked to seasonal cycles. The following nature-based solutions may be useful when taking into account changes in phenology.