Coastal erosion

Te Moanaui Oceania, spanning the expansive Pacific Ocean, faces heightened vulnerability to coastal erosion due to its extensive coastlines and low-lying atolls. Rising sea levels, increasingly severe storms, and altered wave patterns all contribute to increased erosion along coastlines. Coral reefs, essential for wave attenuation and coastal protection, are at risk due to ocean acidification and coral bleaching, further weakening natural defenses against erosion. The following nature-based solutions may be useful to reduce or repair coastal eroision.