Disaster risk reduction and resilience building

Many islands of Te Moananui Oceania are already highly vulnerable due to its geographical location and climatic and ecological characteristics. Natural hazards include earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions, as well as tropical cyclones, floods, and droughts which are increasing in intensity and/or frequency due to climate change. Te Moananui Oceania’s many small island nations and states are particularly susceptible to other impacts of climate change, such as sea-level rise, ocean acidification, and coral bleaching. Limited resources, fragile ecosystems, and socio-economic challenges further exacerbate the region’s vulnerability to disasters. Addressing these vulnerabilities requires comprehensive disaster risk reduction measures. The following nature-based solutions may be useful to disaster risk reduction and resilience building.