Increased pests/weeds

The increase in pests and weeds in Te Moanaui Oceania is exacerbated by climate change and impacts agriculture, ecosystems, and human health. Warmer temperatures and altered rainfall patterns create more favorable conditions for the proliferation and spread of some pests like insects and rodents and some marine pests. Some invasive plant species thrive under these changing climate conditions, outcompeting native vegetation and disrupting ecological balance. Pests and weeds can pose threats to food security, biodiversity, and ecosystem resilience, and increase resources needed for management and control efforts across Te Moanaui Oceania. The following nature-based solutions may be useful when considering increased pests and weeds.