soil erosion and landslides

Climate change is exacerbating the risk of landslides and erosion in Te Moanaui Oceania, particularly in regions characterised by steep terrain, heavy rainfall, and vulnerable ecosystems. The impacts of increased landslides and erosion under climate change are significant. Landslides can lead to loss of life, while both landslides and more gradual soil erosion can cause long-term economic and social consequences, damage to buildings and transport infrastructure, and degradation of important ecosystems including rivers and reefs. In addition to disaster risk measures such as developing early warning systems, and preparedness measures, the following nature-based solutions may be useful to reduce the risk of landslides and/or more gradual soil erosion.