Reduced soil quality

Climate change poses significant treats to soil quality in Te Moananui Oceania, impacting agricultural productivity, ecosystem integrity, and food security in the region. Drivers include: increased temperatures and changing precipitation patterns altering soil moisture levels, which can lead to soil degradation, erosion, and desertification; heavy rainfall or droughts exacerbating soil erosion and nutrient loss; rising sea levels and saltwater intrusion degrading coastal soils; and changes in vegetation and invasive species dynamics. The following nature-based solutions may be useful to address reduced soil quality.