Urban heat island effect

Parts of Te Moananui Oceania are rapidly urbanising. As urban areas continue to expand and densify, they absorb and retain more heat compared to surrounding rural areas because they tend to be made of high-mass materials like concrete and ashphalt. This phenomenon is called the urban heat island (UHI) effect. It is intensified by climate change by rising temperatures and reduced vegetation cover. Higher temperatures in towns and cities can increase energy demand, reduce air quality, and exacerbate heat-related health problems. The following nature-based solutions may be useful to address the urban heat island effect, particularly through increasing urban vegetation