Viti Levu Conservation Corridor

Name of case study

Viti Levu Conservation Corridor

Location

Viti Levu, Fiji

Year

2011

Scale

Urban/ landscape scale

Area / size

arious, including 16340 hectare Sovi Basin Protected Area, 6200 hectare Greater Tomaniivi Conservation Area (planned) and other areas.

NbS employed

Wildlife corridors and bridges

Type of NbS

Ecosystem restoration

Initiator

Conservation International

Funder

Numerous, includingGlobal Conservation Fund, Fiji Water Foundation (ongoing project)

Budget

n/a

Design group

n/a

Fiji crested iguana (endangered) CC BY-NC 2.0 Photo by Michael Howard on Flickr
Mount Tomanivi, Viti Levu CC BY-SA 2.0 Photo by Michael Coghlan via Flickr
Climate change benefits
  • Biomass cover loss
  • Loss of other ecosystem services
Societal / socio-cultural benefits
  • Biodiversity health and conservation
Ecological benefits
  • Biological control
  • Genetic resources (diversity)
  • Habitat provision
  • Species maintenance

Summary of case study

The Viti Levu Conservation Corridor is a proposed network of connected protected areas and forests on Fiji’s biggest island, Viti Levu (Conservation International, 2018). The corridor is at this stage not fully implemented, but is proposed to include the areas of Sovi Basin and Korobasabasaga, Waimanu, Tomanivi/Wabu, Nadrau Plateau, Eastern Serua and Nakauvadra and is being promoted to employ a ‘ridge to reef’ management strategy.  

The forests of Viti Levu are under pressure from logging and conversion to agriculture, threatening the economy, people’s livelihoods, and local identity. There is limited knowledge about the range, spread and variation of plant and animal species in these areas, so their protection and connection are key conservation outcomes (Olson et al., 2010). The Sovi Basin is one of Viti Levu’s main sources of fresh water, and provides habitat for diverse, endemic, and globally threatened species, such as the Fiji long legged warbler, Fiji crested iguana, the pink bill parrot finch, and red throated lorikeet (Conservation International, 2018). 

Conservation International and Fiji Water Foundation have partnered to fund an initial project connecting the Sovi Basin, Yaqara Valley, Nakauvadra and Nakorotubu Range. Included in the project are reforestation outcomes, as well as key conservation outcomes for plants including the near threatened species Fagraea gracilipes and the endemic Podocarpus affinis. 

Drawing upon research and local community capacity, the Sovi Basin is leased from landowners in a manner that fosters conservation and biodiversity outcomes while also delivering economic and social benefits. Crafted through consultation with Indigenous communities, alongside other stakeholders, this approach ensures that Indigenous groups retain access to protected areas for traditional food gathering and fishing (Conservation International, 2018).

Read More
Map showing Viti Levu with forest areas, protected areas and key biodiversity areas, some of which make up the proposed corridor. Sovi basin is highlighted. Image by SPREP https://library.sprep.org/sites/default/files/2021-05/sovi-basin-protected-area.pdf
References
  • Conservation International (2018). Creating a conservation corridor: Fiji. Available online: https://www.thegef.org/sites/default/files/publications/CI%20Fiji_Conservation%20Corridors_CI%20Factsheet.pdf. Date accessed 15 May. 2024.
  • Olson, D., Farley, L., Patrick, A., Watling, D., Tuiwawa, M., Masibalavu, V., Lenoa, L., Bogiva, A., Qauqau, I., Atherton, J., Caginitoba, A., Tokota’a, M., Prasad, S., Naisilisili, W., Raikabula, A., Mailautoka, K., Morley, C., & Allnutt, T. (2010). Priority Forests for Conservation in Fiji: Landscapes, hotspots and ecological processes. Oryx, 44(01), 57. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605309990688

Further resources:

<< Green / wildlife corridors