Wind and storm damage

Many islands of Te Moananui Oceania already experience frequent tropical cyclones. Because of climate change, rising sea surface temperatures are fueling more intense tropical cyclones, which can bring destructive winds, heavy rainfall, and storm surges to coastal areas. Coastal erosion and saltwater intrusion associated with sea level rise also increases the impacts of storms, and reduces coastal resilience. These events can cause widespread damage to infrastructure, homes, and ecosystems, leading to death and injury, displacement of communities, and economic losses. Along with disaster preparedness, the following nature-based solutions may be useful to reduce potential wind and storm damage.